Bernieridae

This passerine family is endemic on Madagascar. Because of their cryptic lifestyle, not much was known about these birds.

 

Xanthomixis

The Short-billed Tetraka (X. zosterops) could be a possible instance of merging lineages. Block et al. (2015) tested this hypothesis by comparing mtDNA and microsatellites, as well as mtDNA from host-specific feather lice in the genus Myrsidae. The Short-billedTetraka comprises four divergent, broadly sympatric, cryptic mtDNA lineages that diverged around 3.6 million years ago. The microsatellite data, on the other hand, indicate that the mtDNA clades are virtually panmictic. It seems that the previously allopatric lineages are merging by hybridization.

Short-billed Tetraka (X. zosterops) on the nest

Short-billed Tetraka (X. zosterops) on the nest

 

References

Block, N. L., Goodman, S. M., Hackett, S. J., Bates, J. M. & Raherilalao, M. J. (2015). Potential merger of ancient lineages in a passerine bird discovered based on evidence from host-specific ectoparasites. Ecology and Evolution 5, 3743-3755.

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