Laughingthrushes are passerine family of mostly Old World birds (Cibois et al., 2018). They were formerly included in the Timaliidae. Hybridization has been reported in three genera, Turdoides, Garrulax and Actinodura. But captive hybrids of Minla and Leiothrix are also known.

One study suggested extensive gene flow during the divergence between Chinese Hwamei (G. canorus) and Taiwan Hwamei (G. taewanus) using ABC modelling (Li et al., 2010). Post-divergence introgression was also detected between two Black-throated Laughingthrush subspecies (G. chinensis chinensis and G. c. lochmius) on Hainan Island (Wu et al., 2012).

Black-throated Laughingthrush (Garrulax chinensis)

Black-throated Laughingthrush (Garrulax chinensis)


Cibois, A., Gelang, M., Alström, P., Pasquet, E., Fjeldså, J., Ericson, P.G.P. & Olsson U. (2018) Comprehensive phylogeny of the laughingthrushes and allies (Aves, Leiothrichidae) and a proposal for a revised taxonomy. Zoologica Scripta 47(4), 428-440.

Li, J. W., Yeung, C. K. L., Tsai, P. W., Lin, R. C., Yeh, C. F., Yao, C. T., Han, L. X., Hung, L. M., Ding, P., Wang, Q. S. & Li, S. H. (2010). Rejecting strictly allopatric speciation on a continental island: prolonged postdivergence gene flow between Taiwan (Leucodioptron taewanus, Passeriformes Timaliidae) and Chinese (L. canorum canorum) hwameis. Molecular Ecology 19, 494-507.

Wu, Y. C., Huang, J. H., Zhang, M., Luo, S. T., Zhang, Y. H., Lei, F. M., Sheldon, F. H. & Zou, F. S. (2012). Genetic divergence and population demography of the Hainan endemic Black-throated Laughingthrush (Ayes: Timaliidae, Garrulax chinensis monachus) and adjacent mainland subspecies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65, 482-489.

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