Zosteropidae

The White-eyes are small passerine birds native to tropical, subtropical and temperate Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia and Australasia. Hybridization has been recorded in one genus, Zosterops.

Hybrids between Silvereye (Z. lateralis) and Slender-billed White-eye (Z. tenuirostris) have been described morphologically (Gill, 1970).

Genetic analyses of Canary White-eye (Z. luteus) and Slender-billed White-eye (Z. tenuirostris) revealed a discordance between nuclear and mitochondrial DNA (Degnan, 1993). In addition, the mtDNA structure of Canary White-eye is paraphyletic (Degnan & Moritz, 1992). These patterns can be attributed to historical hybridization.

A multi-locus phylogeny of the Zosteropidae indicated hybridization in areas of sympatry between Orange River White-eye (Z. pallidus) and Cape White-eye (Z. capensis). Morphological analyses suggested hybridization between Orange River White-eye and Green White-eye (Z. virens), but this was not confirmed by this phylogenetic analysis (Oatley et al., 2012).

Montane White-eye (Z. poliogaster) and Abyssinian White-eye (Z. abyssinicus) inhabit different habitats, where their distributions overlap they show reproductive character displacement which leads to strong divergence in call patterns (Husemann, Ulrich & Habel, 2014).

Silvereye (Zosterops lateralis)

Silvereye (Zosterops lateralis)

References

Degnan, S. M. (1993). The Perils of Single-Gene Trees – Mitochondrial Versus Single-Copy Nuclear-DNA Variation in White-Eyes (Aves, Zosteropidae). Molecular Ecology 2, 219-225.

Degnan, S. M. & Moritz, C. (1992). Phylogeography of Mitochondrial-DNA in 2 Species of White-Eyes in Australia. Auk 109, 800-811.

Gill, F. B. (1970). Hybridization in Norfolk-Island White-Eyes (Zosterops). Condor 72, 481-&.

Husemann, M., Ulrich, W. & Habel, J. C. (2014). The evolution of contact calls in isolated and overlapping populations of two white-eye congeners in East Africa (Aves, Zosterops). Bmc Evolutionary Biology 14.

Oatley, G., Voelker, G., Crowe, T. M. & Bowie, R. C. K. (2012). A multi-locus phylogeny reveals a complex pattern of diversification related to climate and habitat heterogeneity in southern African white-eyes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64, 633-644.

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